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Developed AI Could Lead to the Trolley Issue in the Future

Published Tue, Jun 14 2022 11:44 am
by The Silicon Trend






Developed AI Could Lead to the Trolley Issue in the Future

In healthcare, business, and manufacturing, AI is already making choices. However, AI systems still depend on humans to do checks and make the final choice. For example, the vehicle is approaching a traffic light when the brakes fail, forcing the system to make a split-second decision. As a result, it can wheel into a nearby post, kill the passenger, or continue killing the person in front of the vehicle.

Though robotic vehicles make driving safer, accidents will undoubtedly happen, especially when these cars share the road with human drivers and other pedestrians. Tesla currently doesn't produce fully self-driving cars, but it plans to do shortly. In collision scenarios, Tesla cars don't automatically activate or disengage the Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB) system while we are in charge.



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Even if the driver causes an accident, the driver's actions are unchanged. Instead, if the automobile identifies a potential collision, it sounds like an alarm to caution the driver. However, in autopilot mode, the car should automatically brake for pedestrians. Instead, you witness a runaway trolley approaching five workforces on the tethered rails. You are standing next to a switch controlled by a level; the trolley reroutes onto a side track if you pull the lever, saving the five employees on the way. In the middle of nowhere, an individual on the side-track is just as unaware as other employees.

Autonomous Vehicles Resurrecting the Trolley Problem

AI is powering the 4th revolution - bringing cognitive potentials to everything. Addressing the ethics issue is vital, considering its influence on people and their future. The first ethical quandary in AI concerns autonomous vehicles. The business emergence attempting to generate entirely autonomous vehicles has resurrected the trolley problem.

After all, there is more to AI ethics than machine programming to make a specific decision. We must also take into account the factors that lead to particular results. According to a 2018 poll conducted by Moral Machine, many moral ideas that underlie a driver's actions differ by nation - establishing a uniform vehicle code is daunting. According to the findings, individuals from a prosperous country with powerful institutions were less prepared to spare a pedestrian who crossed the street unjustly.



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Regarding self-driving cars, we believe the trolley is a new type of product with two distinct features. One is that self-driving vehicles are expected to be intelligent, adaptable beings with their minds. Hence, they have some control. They also make judgments that have life and death implications for individuals, whether in a car or on the road. 

Hence, we believe that individuals are worried that existing product safety standards and traditional means of regulating products wouldn't work in this scenario, partly because the car's conduct may eventually become even different from that of the individual who programmed it.



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