New research rules out one of the biggest myths - electric vehicles (EVs) aren't much cleaner than combustion cars. The study found out that EVs release less greenhouse gas than gasoline-operated vehicles, whether in Europe, the EV plugs into a grid with massive renewable shares or an Indian grid that still relies on coal.
Fossil Fuels Results in Environmental Issues
The European Union (EU) & California govt have proposed eradicating internal combustion engines by 2035, as fossil fuels are driving the environmental issues. However, a researcher at the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) - Georg Bieker, says they have several lobby works from the automotive industry stating that EVs aren't accountable if we consider the battery & electricity production.
They wanted to dig deep into this & see whether the myths are true. The ICCT's evaluation identified that those myths don't hold true over time. The statement released by ICCT evaluates the gas emission from mid-sized EVs registered in 2021 in countries like Europe, India, the US, or China makeup 70% of new vehicle sales & are representative of other global markets.
The unpredictability of Energy Infrastructural Changes
The analysis found that the emissions for EVs are lower compared to gasoline cars with Europe (66-69%) leading followed by the US (60-68%), China (37-45%) & India (19-34%). For each region, the researchers ended up with a range of suitable emission reductions by looking at the energy mix & International Energy Agency projections for what the electricity mix looks like as climate plans develop.
But it's unpredictable how much the globe's energy system will change. US President - Joe Biden has set forth a target of achieving 100% clean electricity by 2035. The research does not show other related climate effects that the manufacturing of vehicles might have. Recycling EV batteries could bring down the carbon intensity. But now, electric car drivers start to realize the climate benefits after driving for a year or more.
Global Phase-Out of Combustion Vehicles
ICCT hopes that their analysis will aid the policy creators in making more improved decisions about transportation future. Climate proficient is trying to level down the gas emissions nearly to zero by the middle of the century to eradicate the worst global warming scenarios. Even hybrid EVs are not that clean enough to meet the target. The statements recommend against permitting any novel combustion vehicles on the road by the 2030s.
Bieker states, "Any type of combustion engine cars aren't able to provide the greenhouse gas reductions; we need to live with climatic change. Therefore, we need to globally eradicate these vehicles."
Image Source: Topgear, Toyota